Peer Review Process: What You Should Know

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Peer Review Process: What You Should Know

Peer review is an important part of scientific publication as experts spent their time to improve the articles they review. The peer review process is very important in the process of publishing scientific work. Essentially, peer review is the process of evaluating the article before it is published in a scientific journal with varying results and process models. The Articles are considered appropriate for publication in scientific journals after they have been assessed as suitable based on the review process. Some articles must be revised before going to publication process.

The Peer-Review Process in journal begins with ensuring that the requirements of author guidelines or article writing guidelines the review of journal template by Editorial Board, both internally and externally. An editor is responsible for checking and ensuring that the article under review complies with the Author Guideline and Journal Template. After that, the editor is responsible for providing the assessment results by filling out the assessment form. If the article still doesn’t meet the Author Guideline and Journal Template, the editor team must return the article according to the review results from editorial board. In addition, analysis related to similarity checking is also conducted by the Editorial Team using Turnitin. After the article complies with the requirements of the review process from editorial team, the article proceeds to review process by the reviewer. Moreover, editors are responsible for sending articles electronically to internal and external reviewers.

How is the review process?

The peer review process is by internal and external reviewers by reviewing and assessing the substance of the article through comments and input relating to relevant substance components. Peer review has different forms and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.  Then, the author need to check the peer review policy of the journal before submitting the article to ensure that the submission article being peer reviewed. Generally, the review process uses single blind review and double blind review models. The single blind review model is when the reviewers know the author of the article, but the author didn’t know the identity of the reviewers. Whereas, double blind review is when the reviewers and author didn’t know each others. Usually, this model is very common in social science and humanities journals.

The next step after peer review process:

After the reviewers’ revision is complete, the journal editors will decide that the article is ready for publication. This is decided with consideration of the results from early review of editors team, the validity of the article from reviewers, and reviewing the benefits and contributions of article substance. After the article is being reviewed, the final stage of peer review process is copyediting, and article publication.

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